According to recent studies, more than 63 million American families own one dog and more than 70 percent of American households own one or more pets. Dogs are the most popular pet with American families. Since so many people are dog owners, starting a dog breeding business can be lucrative. With the number of dogs in U.S. homes increasing each year, it’s not surprising that many people choose to use their love of dogs to start a breeding business. Starting a breeding business takes a lot of time, effort, and patience. Here are some basic steps to get you started.
Learn About the Dog Breeding Business
You should learn as much about dog breeding businesses as possible to have the knowledge you need. The necessary requirements are to learn as much as possible about:
- Good breeding practices
- Caring for pregnant dogs
- How to manage labor and assist with delivery
- Caring for new puppies
If you don’t have experience with dog breeding the best option is to hire one or two experienced people while you’re learning. It’s essential to learn about responsible breeding practices. Irresponsible breeding isn’t ethical and could result in lawsuits and closing your breeding business. You should understand the role genetics plays in dog breeding to ensure your dogs give birth to offspring that adhere to breed standards and have characteristics from both their parents. To have a successful dog breeding business, you must have:
- Dog training experience
- Excellent interpersonal skills
- First aid knowledge
You should learn as much as possible about the breed you want to sell. It’s necessary to learn about the birthing process, the delivery, and how to handle unexpected circumstances. You’ll have to understand about caring for the mother and puppies until they’re old enough to be weaned and go to new homes.
Basic Questions To Answer
These are some of the considerations to think about before embarking on a dog breeding business:
You should decide which dog breed you want to specialize in breeding. To be successful you should choose a breed that’s popular and in demand. It’s a good idea to avoid breeds that are already being sold by reputable breeders in your area. According to the AKC, the most popular dog breeds are:
- English Bulldogs
- French Bulldogs
- German Shepherds
- Golden Retrievers
- Labrador Retrievers
- Tibetan Mastiffs
- Yorkshire Terriers
Choosing the Dog Breed
Many breeders get into the business to provide top-quality dogs of popular breeds to people who want a family dog. Other breeders may choose to target a specific market including:
- Dogs to compete in the show ring
- Breeds that are used for hunting
- Working dogs for farms or ranches
Specialty breeders focus on one specific breed. Breeders that raise show dogs for conformation shows may sell more than one breed from one or more of the seven recognized AKC groups including:
Dog Breeding Business Plan
To determine how much capital you need to start your dog breeding business it’s essential to have a dog breeding business plan. The business plan for your operation should include specific details about your short and long-term goals for your breeding business. Your business goals are the first thing investors look at. State your goals clearly, then explain them in detail. You’ll have to target your clientele and decide how you’ll market to them. The more initial research you do the faster your business can be successful and you’ll earn a reputation as a reputable breeder.
Calculate the Costs Of Your Startup
Is there something special or unique about your particular breed that buyers will pay a higher price for or travel to your location for a puppy rather than in their area? These are factors to consider in the start-up phase of your business. You should create a website and determine ways to drive traffic to your site. If your breeding business is to expand you may want to hire employees to handle part of the operation. You’ll have to be specific about how much capital you need and how it will be spent. If your breeding business will be small you can likely start with about $5,000. For a larger operation between $15,000 and $25,000 is the approximate start-up cost. Some of the most common expenditures for a new dog breeding business are:
- Breeding stock
- Dog food and puppy food
- Dog crate and kennels, supplies, and equipment
- Dog insurance and licensing fees
- Launching a website and other advertising and marketing costs
- Renting facilities for your business or renovating your property
Calculating Your Profits
Future investments will grow your breeding business. It’s essential in the early stages to know what kind of profits to expect from your business. The profit you make will depend on how many litters you breed each year and the price you charge for each puppy. Reputable breeders will usually charge between $500 and $3000 for each puppy. The cost depends on:
- Behavior and health of the puppy
- Pedigree of each parent
A responsible breeder won’t breed a dog that has behavior issues or genetic problems. If a dog with health or behavior problems has a litter the breeder should be responsible for covering any medical costs or training. To avoid such issues, use the best dog DNA test kits for breed identification and genetics.
Legal and Business Considerations
Before you start working on your business, you’ll have to take care of your legal responsibilities. when you’re starting a new business you have to for a legal/business entity. The legal or business entity is a reference to how your business is set up. Four types of legal business entities exist and include:
- Sole proprietorship
- Limited liability company or LLC
You should carefully consider the pros and cons of each type of business entity. Different entities have requirements for how the business is administered, Liability and how it’s covered, and the costs of operating the business.
Necessary Licenses and Permits
To operate a dog breeding business you must obtain the appropriate permits and licenses. Without the required documentation your business could be fined or shut down. In the United States, dog breeders are required to get their licenses through the U.S. Department of Agriculture or USDA, and under the Animal Welfare Act or AWA . You must also adhere to the licensing requirements of the state in which you reside. Most states require dog breeders to have a sales tax permit. You must consider state and federal taxes and apply for an Employer Identification Number or EIN.
Business Bank Account
One of the most important steps to take when starting a dog breeding business is to open a business checking account. Dedicated business checking accounts and credit cards should be separate from your personal checking account. It’s essential to keep the account separate. If your business should ever be involved in a lawsuit your personal assets could be seized if they aren’t separate from your business. Another reason to open a business checking account is that having the business account and learning to establish business credit can be an additional asset. A business checking account can assist you with:
- Better interest rates that cost you less
- Establishing higher lines of credit
- Finding additional ways to finance your business
Another excellent reason to open a business checking account is that it’s much easier to file your tax returns.
Building A Brand
When all the necessary paperwork is filed, you have a business account and financing, it’s time to begin the breeding process. You should always follow ethical practices for the well-being of your dogs and to establish yourself as a responsible breeder. You’ll have to spend time and use a portion of your resources for a marketing campaign. One of the essential ways to build your reputation is with a website and a social media presence. You can use open-source software to create a website. However, if you don’t feel comfortable designing a website, you can hire a developer to handle it. A basic website usually costs between $500 and $1000. Other ways to establish your reputation as a breeder are to join breed-specific clubs or get involved with online groups and social media pages devoted to the breed you sell.
How do I start my own dog breeding business?
The first step is to learn as much as possible about the breed you wish to sell, especially if you don’t have previous experience. You need a complete education in responsible breeding practices, the care and feeding of pregnant dogs, labor and delivery, and caring for new puppies. It helps if you have previous dog training experience. You should have first aid knowledge and have excellent communication skills to talk to customers, veterinarians, and other breeders.
How much money do dog breeders make?
Dog breeders in the United States make anywhere from $20,430 to $70,210. the general range is $37.825. About 50 percent of all dog breeders around the country average between $32,100 and $37.700. The few breeders at the top level can make more than $75,000 per year. The amount you can make depends on the breed you sell, how rare the dogs are, and the size of your breeding business.
Can breeding dogs be profitable?
The amount that a dog breeder makes depends on the size of the operation and how many litters they breed each year. A breeder on the higher end of the scale that has four litters a year can be profitable if the puppies sell for @500. If the dogs each had six puppies, the breeder would make a profit of $60,000. Many U.S. breeders make approximately $40,375. When a puppy is sold by a breeder in San Francisco the bonus to the breeder is $470 or one percent of the breeder’s salary. The salary of breeders in the Bay Area is eight percent higher than the national average.
What is the most profitable dog to breed?
Every dog breeder has a favorite breed that they’re passionate about. They put their time, energy, and knowledge into building a business around that breed. If you take the time to learn as much as possible about a dog breed it will pay off. You’ll establish yourself as an expert and can jumpstart your business. If you don’t want to sell the breed that you love more than any other you can do the research and find out which breeds are trending. One way to learn about the most popular breeds is to get involved in dog breeding forums. The forums can provide insight into methods people use to breed dogs, how they sell their puppies, and which breeds are trending depending on the season.
The most profitable dog to breed is the Siberian Husky. Huskies are beautiful dogs with stunning, blue eyes and thick, fluffy coats. People love these dogs since they resemble a wolf. The purebred husky is one the most profitable dog to breed. Most breeders sell their puppies for approximately $1300.