There are only three types of golden retrievers recognized by the American Kennel Club. Despite this, there are several varieties of retrievers within the breed standard. Most of the variations in the breed are based on the differences in coat length and color. The three basic types of golden retriever are:
- American golden retrievers
- Canadian golden retrievers
- English golden retrievers
The varieties of golden retrievers include the English cream golden retriever and the show golden retriever. The different varieties of golden retrievers have become one of the most popular breeds in the U.S. because of their flowing coat and kind temperament.
The Three Types of Golden Retriever
The golden retriever puppy is the fourth most popular dog breed in the U.S. and has quickly become a popular companion for families. The basic types of golden retrievers share many similarities. The basics of the breed include their friendly temperament and a strong pack mentality. As a family dog, the golden retriever has grown to become one of the most popular members of any pack. The breed has a soft mouth that allows golden retrievers to play with young children and not cause problems. The American golden retriever is considered the breed standard for its long-flowing coat. The differences between the American and the other two breeds are minimal.
The American Golden Retriever
The American golden retriever is known for its water-repellent coat that is long and dense. American’s are of the highest quality when their coat is a rich golden color. The rich color of the American’s coat is darker than that of its English cousin. Breeders and show experts have made observations that an American with a coat that is too dark or light is not desirable.
English Golden Retrievers
The biggest difference between the American and English golden retriever breeds is the inclusion of cream coats. The English retriever is stocky and powerful, with a larger frame than the American members of the breed. The basis of the English golden retriever is a stocky frame that makes it an excellent hunter and swimmer. The English or British golden retriever has larger features than the American and Canadian breeds. The English cream golden retriever is allowed to be shown, with light-coated Canadian and American retrievers not allowed in shows.
Canadian Golden Retriever
The last of the three different types of golden retrievers is the Canadian. Canadian golden retrievers were first imported into the territory in the 1880s by the family of the founder of the breed. The difference in the requirements of living in the U.S. and Canada has led to the Canadian becoming a popular breed for the public. Among the types of golden retrievers, the Canadian is the tallest. A slimmer coat marks the Canadian out as one of the most impressive varieties of the breed.
The History of the Golden Retriever
Whether you choose to add any of the three varieties of the golden retriever to your family, you can thank an English nobleman for the popularity of the breed. Golden retrievers have colorful mythology that takes the breed back to a touring Russian circus. The truth is not as colorful and starts with Dudley Coutts Majoribanks. The son of a Scottish banker and part of the Coutts banking dynasty, Majoribanks was the second son of a successful banker. Being the second son allowed Majoribanks a degree of discretion in his life choices.
Although he inherited a portion of his family’s fortune, the banker was allowed to invest his money wherever he saw fit. By the end of his life, Majoribanks had become an investor in a brewery, a Texas cattle ranch, and the east India Company.
The founder of the golden retriever breed had been interested in breeding since adolescence. Major banks leather-bound breeding journal is a prized possession of The Kennel Club in England and tracks his breeding journey from childhood to several years before his death.
The golden retriever was born from a chance meeting with a tradesman, the cobbler had acquired the golden-coated dog in return for an unpaid debt. Nous was purchased by Majoribanks and bred with a Tweed water spaniel named Belle. Despite black coats being more fashionable among the aristocracy, the golden retrievers born from Nous and Belle became popular. The first puppies born from Nous and Belle were closely monitored by Majoribanks and only given to his close friends and important British aristocrats.
The American Kennel Club explains the spread of golden retrievers to different parts of the world can be linked to the Majoribanks family . The son of Majoribanks, Edward, bred his golden retriever with a red setter and began the tradition of dark coats.
Dudley Coutts Majoribanks had established the breed in the mid-19th century and saw his son, Archies take the breed to North America. Archie’s influence came from his travels to Texas to manage a family-owned cattle ranch. Archie’s dog, Lady, would travel to Canada with him and help establish the Canadian golden retriever branch of the breed.
Different Varieties of Golden Retrievers
Here are three types of golden retrievers classified by the AKC for show and breeding purposes. Breeders and writers divided the breed into different areas, including by size and color. The three varieties of retrievers identified by the AKC are accompanied by several varieties, including the black golden retriever.
Black Golden Retrievers
Black golden retrievers are impossible to breed within the family. The parents of the original golden retriever, Nous, are thought to have been black. However, any breeder or owner claiming to own a black golden retriever owns a mixed breed. The black golden retriever is usually crossed with a labrador to achieve the deep, thick coat.
Black golden retrievers can vary in size depending on the breed they are crossed with. The mixed breed can be affected by health problems. The lifespan of a black golden retriever will be shorter than purebred varieties. Find out more on how long golden retrievers live.
Mini Golden Retrievers
The craze for miniaturizing dog breeds led to attempts to create a mini golden retriever. Just like the black golden retriever, the mini version is classed as a hybrid. Breeders of American golden retrievers have been at the forefront of the drive to develop the mini family. Crossing the American golden retriever with a miniature poodle or golden doodle is the most common way of creating this cross-breed. The mini golden retriever is not recognized as a full member of the breed.
Show Golden Retrievers
Whichever type of golden retriever you enjoy, the show version needs to meet specific standards. A show golden retriever looks impressive and will look different to members of the breed you see regularly. The different types of golden retrievers shown are larger, with longer limbs than other members of the breed family. The biggest difference between show goldens and other members of the breed is their large heads that mark them out from everyday golden retrievers. Alongside the physical differences between show golden retrievers and other members of the breed, the show variety is more expensive to buy.
English Cream Golden Retrievers
As a family dog, few breed varieties can compete with the English cream golden retriever. This breed, also called the British golden retrievers, is a variety of the English golden retriever, with its appearance making it one of the most popular. Golden retrievers are known for their long coats, with the cream golden retriever having a shorter coat than its breed mates. The English cream golden retriever has specific standards that must be met for a dog to be known as a member of the variety. Among the standards of the English cream golden retriever is a height of between 20 and 24 inches. Members of the variety are stocky, with a pale coat, much lighter than the three main varieties of the breed.
The desirability of the cream golden retriever is such that its cost is matched by show varieties. The elegance and loving personality of the English cream golden retriever has pushed prices for this member of the breed higher than other members of the breed.
Field-Bred Golden Retrievers
Although they are not classed as a certified part of the golden retriever breed, field-bred varieties are a throwback to the original members of the family. The field-bred golden retriever is smaller than the other members of the breed, with the male standing up to 23-inches. The small stature of other field-bred retrievers means the breed has become one of the most popular with hunters and hikers. Field-bred golden retrievers have a lean body perfect for long hikes and days spent taking part in outdoor activities. Field-bred members of the breed are not suited to spending long days indoors and can become destructive if they are not given the correct amount of exercise. Regular and proper golden retriever grooming is also highly advised.
Red Golden Retrievers
Members of the red golden retriever family have a history dating back to the original Majoribanks breeders. The crossing of a golden retriever with a red setter is thought to be the foundation of this variety. Red golden retrievers are rare and are often confused with field-bred varieties. The red member of the breed is often a field-bred retriever with a dark coat.
The red golden retriever is smaller than the majority of other golden retrievers. The variety is extremely active and requires daily exercise to maintain and happy and healthy lifestyle.
Why Choose a Golden Retriever?
The loving and obedient nature of the breed has made it one of the most popular breeds in the world. The golden retriever is known for being obedient enough to become one of the most popular breeds for TV and film production. The golden retriever has become popular for its working ability which means it will take part in activities of all kinds with a family. The loyalty shown by the breed has added to its popularity as a family dog.
1. What are the 3 types of Golden Retrievers?
The breed was not established by Dudley Coutts Majoribanks until the late-1860s. The golden retriever breed was not approved by the AKC until the 1920s, at which time it had split into three varieties. The three varieties of the breed are:
- American golden retriever
- Canadain golden retriever
- English golden retriever
2. How many types of Golden Retrievers are?
The three varieties of golden retrievers are the only ones recognized by the ACK and the Kennel Club. However, several popular varieties have appeared in the last century, including field-bred and red-retrievers.
3. What is the difference between English, American, and Canadian Golden Retrievers?
There are few differences in the personalities of these types of golden retrievers. However, they do differ in size and weight. The differences include the color and length of their coats.
4. What is the rarest color of Golden Retriever?
The black golden retriever is usually seen as the rarest, but these are not a true breed. In contrast, the English cream golden retriever is one of the rarest available.