It is tempting to share your scraps over leftover food with your furry friend. Those begging puppy dog eyes might sway you every time. Feeding your dog human food isn’t all that bad—feeding dogs fruits and unsalted vegetables can add a boost of healthy vitamins to your dog’s diet. What can dogs not eat? Before you start feeding your dogs food from the table or giving them fruit and vegetable treats, however, it is essential to be mindful of where the food comes from and understand that some foods that humans eat are problematic for dogs’ digestive systems. You should know the sources of fruits and vegetables before serving them to your beloved pet to ensure no pesticides or fertilizers were added to the plants during the growing process. One common vegetable humans like is tomato and so many pet parents ask: Can dogs have tomato?
Tomatoes Effects on Dogs: The Good and The Bad
Can Dogs Eat Tomatoes? How Are Tomatoes Good For Dogs?
Tomatoes can be a great source of fiber and vitamin A for your dogs, but only the ripened fleshy parts of the tomato should be shared with your canine companion. In understanding dog nutrition, you should know that fiber is an excellent additive to your dog’s diet to boost healthy digestion. Tomatoes are a great low-calorie treat for dogs; they can be given in addition to your dog’s regular diet without offsetting their daily caloric intake.
How Are Tomatoes Bad For Dogs?
Tomatoes are a part of the nightshade family of vegetable—meaning their stems, leaves, and vines contain solanine. Solanine is harmful to dogs in large quantities; it can lead to gastrointestinal upset, vomiting, and diarrhea. Solanine is concentrated in the green parts of tomato- the stems, leaves, and vine. Be sure to cut off any green portions of green on ripened tomatoes to avoid digestive issues for your dog.
Tomato gardens pose a greater risk for dogs. Unripe tomatoes (green tomatoes) and tomato plants contain higher concentrations of solanine, which are harmful to your dog in excessive amounts. If your dog sneaks into your garden unattended, it can quickly consume a toxic dose of tomatine. If this occurs, it is recommended to contact your vet immediately.
Tomato Poisoning in Dogs
If your curious dog has scavenged in the trash or dug up your tomato garden and consumed the green parts of the tomato, you should look for the following symptoms:
- Increased heart rate
- Confusion or disorientation
The good news, the likelihood of tomato poisoning in dogs, is relatively low. Even if your dog shows symptoms of tomato poisoning, the odds of severe long-term effects or fatality from tomato poisoning are generally low as well .
How Can Tomatoes Be Prepared For Dogs?
While raw ripe tomatoes are approved for dogs to eat, prepared or processed foods contain additives that can be extremely unhealthy for dogs. Many human foods contain fatty or rich foods that are very difficult for dogs to digest. If you plan to include tomatoes in your dog’s diet, it is best to keep it simple as a one-ingredient treat. Ripe and unsalted tomatoes.
When we cook with tomatoes to make sauces and dips for our own consumption, we add ingredients that can quickly become unhealthy for dogs.
Tomato sauce includes increased levels of sodium compared to raw tomatoes. High levels of sodium can lead to:
- Increased Thirst
Can dogs eat cooked tomatoes? You can prepare a tomato soup or sauce for your dog using safe vegetables like tomatoes, potatoes, and carrots. But, no salt or seasoning should be used in food preparation for dogs.
Processed foods often contain artificial sweeteners and a high number of calories. The caloric equivalent of foods from humans to dogs means little treats that seem small to us may be a more significant calorie intake for our dogs than we realize. For example, one hotdog is the same as a human eating three hamburgers.
It is best not to share take-out food containing tomatoes with your pet. Even though tomatoes are safe, the added ingredients may pose a health risk to your furry friend.
Most of the time, if the food comes from a restaurant, you cannot source the vegetables back to the farm of origin to track if pesticides or fertilizers are used on the crops. Pesticides and fertilizers can also pose a health risk to dogs.
Safe Fruits and Vegetables for Dogs
Dogs are omnivores, meaning they get essential nutrients from meats and vegetables. The best dog foods to include all the necessary dog vitamins and minerals for optimal health. This means that adding fruits and vegetables to your pet’s diet is not a necessity, but you can include them once in a while as a yummy dog treat.
Apples are safe for dogs. They are great sources of vitamin A and C. High fiber content will help your dog digest food’s more manageable, and low protein and fat content means it will not cause extra weight gain for less active dogs.
Bananas should be given to your dog in moderation as a rare treat. Their benefits include high levels of potassium which improves muscle function. However, high sugar levels mean that this treat will pack on calories if eaten in large quantities.
Blueberries are an excellent treat for dogs. They are super-rich in antioxidants which reduce cell and DNA damage; this is thought to help reduce the effects of aging and cancer.
Cucumbers are a great treat for senior or less active dogs. Cucumbers contain little to no calories, fats, or oils. They have high water content and can even boost energy levels in your pup.
Carrots are a delicious crunchy treat, that will help support your dog’s dental care. Additionally, they are high in fiber and vitamin A, which will boost your dog’s digestive system and immune system.
Green beans are a nutrient-rich treat for your dogs and are safe in all forms of preparation- boiled, steamed, or raw. They are low in calories, which means your dog can happily snack on them without the worry of overfeeding or weight gain.
All variations of a pea, including snap peas, snow peas, and garden peas, are safe for dogs—fresh, frozen, or canned. Peas are high in protein to support muscle function and fiber to support digestive health. If you serve your dog canned peas, like with all canned vegetables, be sure to check that they are sodium-free.
Can tomatoes hurt my dog?
Tomatoes are considered generally safe for dogs. Ripe tomatoes are a good source of fiber and vitamins for dogs. The green parts of the tomato, including the stem, leaves, and vines of the plant, are considered toxic. Unripe and green parts of a tomato contain solanine which can be toxic in dogs. Be sure to remove all green parts before serving any tomatoes to your dog.
What happens if a dog eats a tomato?
Tomatoes are safe for dogs, and generally, no adverse effects will occur. The risk with tomatoes comes with the plant and green portions of the tomato. Dogs should not be allowed to eat any green part of tomato or venture into a tomato garden unattended.
Can a dog eat tomato sauce?
Dogs can safely eat tomato sauce if it is prepared at home and the origin of the plants is known. Prepackaged and restaurant-made tomato sauces may include unhealthy or even dangerous additives to dogs, including sodium, artificial sweeteners, and added calories. Additionally, it would be best if you verified that the tomatoes used are free of herbicides and pesticides, which can be harmful to pets.
Can a dog eat tomatoes and cucumbers?
Yes, dogs can safely eat both cucumbers and tomatoes. Cucumbers are low calorie and low carb treats, and tomatoes offer a boost in vitamins and minerals. For your dog’s safety, be sure to remove all green parts of a ripe tomato before serving it to your dog. Dogs should never consume green tomatoes.